Allergic Rhinitis or hay fever is an inflammation of nasal membranes. It is developed before age 20 but may occur often as a person grows until adulthood. There are different risk factors connecting to allergic rhinitis such as family history of having this condition, exposure to indoor allergens namely animals and dust mites, higher socioeconomic class, and positive allergy skin prick test.
Pollens, dust mites, insect allergens, animal allergens and molds are five things that can activate this condition giving the following major symptoms:
- Nasal Itching (nasal pruritus)
- Rhinorrhea (condition of having a persistent mucus from the nasal cavity)
- Nasal congestion
Some people experience hay fever when season changes. This type of rhinitis is called Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis and normally caused by pollens and mold. Pollens are dominant during mornings of spring until summer. Dry windy days can also contribute to the high count of pollens.
While others suffer from allergic rhinitis all year round. This type is called Perennial Allergic Rhinitis caused by molds, dust mites and animal allergens. With this type, keeping an animal inside the house or even in the backyard is not a good idea.
Signs and symptoms are not limited to the four things stated above. Children, young adults or even adults may also experience malaise, fatigue and irritability. Appearance of these symptoms can lead to loss of productivity due to absence from work or school. That is why treating the person without modifying the ability to function is vital.