Friday, January 11, 2013

123ABC in Adult CPR

Remember 123ABC in CPR (Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation)

  • 1 - Check if the scene is safe. This means you assure that you are safe to help.
  • 2 - Check the victim by tapping and shouting to get response.
  • 3 - Call for help. If alone in the scene, call 1-1-7 before starting CPR. Otherwise, ask someone to call. Be ready to give them the number you are calling from, location of the incident and the chief complaint.
  • A - AIRWAY. Check the airway by tilting the head, lifting the chin up to open airway. Look, listen and feel for any signs of breathing.
  • B - BREATHING. Do this by pinching the nose closed, covering victim's mouth with yours and blowing out breath unti chest rise. Give 2 rescue breaths.
  • C - CIRCULATION. Perform chest compressions ( 30 compressions and 2 breaths cycle, repeat for 5 times)
  • Repeat A-B-C until help arrives or the victim begins breathing.

What are the safety concerns and issues? 
  • Make sure the scene is safe before helping. Don't become another victim. 
  • Check for responsiveness before doing the CPR.
  • Beware for suspected spinal, neck, or head injury.
  • Execute compressions and rescue breathing properly. 
  • Create tight seal in giving ventilations. 
Communication is important in doing CPR. First, when doing it with someone else. 'Who will do what ' must be clear between two persons resuscitating.  Second, when calling the help. Stating the exact scenario and all vital information is important. Lastly, give concise account when handing over the case to the help that arrived.

By performing CPR, you keep oxygenated blood flowing to the heart and brain until defibrillator becomes available. This increase the chance of survival and further prevention of brain damage. 

Note: In Philippines the National Emergency Telephone Number is 1-1-7. Not all mobile phone accepts that as the emergency number. In that case you need to enter 9-1-1 or 1-1-2 which will automatically redirected to 1-1-7. However, if you choose to use the service "Text 1-1-7", you need to send your message directly to 1-1-7. 

The information and reference materials contained here are intended solely for the general information of the reader and NOT intended to replace the actual course given by licensed instructors. The owner of this site disclaims any responsibility for the decisions you make based on this information. 


  1. It's good to be reminded of this as we don't know when this info will come in handy. I used to be a first-aider and we always have a yearly refresher to practice the rudiments of life-saving skills and update ourselves with the latest in technology in CPR and other first-aid matters.

    Thanks for sharing!

  2. I always believe that CPR should be done by trained and experienced individuals. Thank you very much for this information at least I got some knowledge I could use when necessary.

    In Davao City, we have 911 to call in case of emergency :)

  3. I have yet to learn this sis, never had the chance to take a CPR lesson.

  4. i so love that image, very symbolic for this post. though i get also a yearly refresher on life-saving skills like Ria, but since I have not used that skill yet in real life ( only in mannequins), I easily forget the important aspects too and it is very good to be reminded again in your post.

  5. Thanks for sharing! knowing CPR is very vital and there should be someone in every household who knows how to do one

  6. I am reading it intently because I don;t if I can still be calm and collect when face with this situation. But being able to atleast know the basics on how to perform a CPR gives everyone something to recall and perform when the situation arises. THanks for this and I will keep this in mind.

  7. Being a mom it is really important to know simple first-aid incase of emergency.

  8. thanks for this awesome post which reminds us of the basics things to know just in case an emergency occurs...

    cheers po! :)

  9. Thanks for refreshing us on how to do this Adult CPR, I will definitely put into my mind na gawin ito sa safe side, yung wala misis ko lalo na kung girl ang involve..LOL

  10. thanks for sharing a more detailed steps on how to do it. this post will be great help for everyone. K works with RC before so he always thought of me attending a course about First-Aid but so far in never happen yet, maybe someday. :)


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